When these energetic neutrons collide with a nitrogen-14 (seven protons, seven neutrons) atom it turns into a carbon-14 atom (six protons, eight neutrons) and a hydrogen atom (one proton, zero neutrons).
Since Nitrogen gas makes up about 78 percent of the Earth's air, by volume, a considerable amount of Carbon-14 is produced.
The most common radioactive element in granite is Uranium-238.Gen1Denying Evolution Evolution=Millions Of Years Your Imagination Creation Answers Book 20 Chapters (More than 60 of the most asked questions about Creation, evolution, and the book of Genesis answered!) Gen1Denying Evolution Evolution=Millions Of Years Your Imagination 2 Peter 3:5 "For this they are willingly ignorant of, that by the Word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:" New Light on Radiometric Dating (Creation Moments.com)Most people find the subject of radiometric dating too technical to understand.This element is locked in tiny zircons within the granite. While it stays within the zircon for a period of time, being a very small atom, helium escapes the zircon within a few thousand years.When creation scientists studied granite samples, they made interesting discoveries.Anything that dies after the 1940s, when Nuclear bombs, nuclear reactors and open-air nuclear tests started changing things, will be harder to date precisely.Archaeologists use the exponential, radioactive decay of carbon 14 to estimate the death dates of organic material.Radiocarbon dating is a method of estimating the age of organic material.It was developed right after World War II by Willard F.Potassium-40 is another radioactive element naturally found in your body and has a half-life of 1.3 billion years.Other useful radioisotopes for radioactive dating include Uranium -235 (half-life = 704 million years), Uranium -238 (half-life = 4.5 billion years), Thorium-232 (half-life = 14 billion years) and Rubidium-87 (half-life = 49 billion years).