The discussion of adultery may be ordered under three general divisions: I. Nor is it necessary that this marriage be already consummated; it need only be what theologians call matrimonium ratum. But it is theft of an aggravated kind, as the property which it would spoliate is more highly appraised than other chattels. Dire penalties are visited upon the offending wife by her wronged spouse; in many instances she is made to endure such a bodily mutilation as will, in the mind of the aggrieved husband, prevent her being thereafter a temptation to other men (Schoolcraft, Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States, I, 236; V, 683, 684, 686; also H. Bancroft, The Native Races of the Pacific States of North America, I, 514).
Sexual commerce with one engaged to another does not, it is most generally held, constitute adultery. So it is that in some parts of Africa the seducer is punished with the loss of one or both hands, as one who has perpetrated a robbery upon the husband (Reade, Savage Africa, p. If, however, the wronged husband could visit swift and terrible retribution upon the adulterous wife, the latter was allowed no cause against the unfaithful husband; and this discrimination found in the practices of savage peoples is moreover set forth in nearly all ancient codes of law. In ancient India, "though destitute of virtue or seeking pleasure elsewhere, or devoid of good qualities, yet a husband must be constantly worshiped as a god by a faithful wife"; on the other, hand, "if a wife, proud of the greatness of her relatives or [her own] excellence, violates the duty which she owes to her lord, the king shall cause her to be devoured by dogs in a place frequented by many" (Laws of Manu, V, 154; VIII, 371).
The recognized license of the Greek husband may be seen in the following passage of the Oration against Neaera, the author of which is uncertain, though it has been attributed to Demosthenes: "We keep mistresses for our pleasures, concubines for constant attendance, and wives to bear us legitimate children, and to be our faithful housekeepers.
Yet, because of the wrong done to the husband only, the Athenian lawgiver Solon, allowed any man to kill an, adulterer whom he had taken in the act" (Plutarch, Solon).
May 18 – Richard Groves, 32, was beaten to death at a flat in Warley, West Midlands.
Darren Lander, 28, has been charged with murder and awaits trial.
Sonita Nijhawan, 38, died of head and neck injuries at her home in the wealthy, gated Crossfield Place in St George’s Hill, Weybridge, Surrey.
Her boyfriend Jose Leonardo, 56, aka Jeff Mbombo, has been charged with murder and awaits trial.Ever wondered how we came to sleep on the beds we commonly use today?Take a trip back in time with Bensons for Beds and discover how where we sleep has evolved through the ages.During his childhood and adolescence, members of the Norman aristocracy battled each other, both for control of the child duke and for their own ends.In 1047 William was able to quash a rebellion and begin to establish his authority over the duchy, a process that was not complete until about 1060.Again, adultery, as the definition declares, is committed in carnal intercourse. In the Graeco-Roman world we find stringent laws against adultery, yet almost throughout they discriminate against the wife.Nevertheless immodest actions indulged in between a married person and another not the lawful spouse, while not of the same degree of guilt, are of the same character of malice as adultery (Sanchez, De Mat., L. The ancient idea that the wife was the property of the husband is still operative.From simple feathers and fur to technologically advanced i Gel…it's a journey that will help you appreciate your bed at home that little bit more. In 10,000BC, primitive men and women would lie down on the cold, hard ground, with little more than leaves, straw or possibly an animal hide providing a rudimentary ‘mattress’. Among savages generally adultery is rigorously condemned and punished.The lending of wives practiced among some savages was, as Plutarch tells us, encouraged also by Lycurgus, though, be it observed, from a motive other than that which actuated the savages (Plutarch, Lycurgus, XXIX).